Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) has a continuing series of videos on soil health for farmers. Home gardeners might also find them interesting. I hope that all our local farmers will take a moment to explore all of the Science of Soil Health videos and these other links.
A lazy farmer (gardener) lets the microbes and earthworms do the work of restoring the soil. The video explains how this works -- a no-till way of farming and gardening.
Not every crop is appropriate for no-till methods, but some farmers have had great results with this method for pumpkins and squash in Rhode Island.For some technical information on no-till farming, see this page.For most of us, who want our home gardens to thrive without a lot of work, see this page from the Oregon State University Extension Service about no-till gardening.